v3.8.0.1
DOCUMENT AND ENTITY INFORMATION - shares
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
May 08, 2018
Document and Entity Information    
Entity Registrant Name YIELD10 BIOSCIENCE, INC.  
Entity Central Index Key 0001121702  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Filer Category Smaller Reporting Company  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Mar. 31, 2018  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018  
Document Fiscal Period Focus (i.e. Q1,Q2,Q3,FY) Q1  
Amendment Flag false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   9,968,455